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Verpacke deine Wechselkleidung wasserfest in Spezialsäcken oder einfach in Plastiktüten , da diese durch die Luftfeuchtigkeit sonst klamm wird. Arequipa Du hast heute einen freien Tag und kannst Arequipa auf eigene Faust entdecken. Auch bekommt man http: Warmes Wasser kann leider nicht während des Treks zum Waschen zur Verfügung gestellt werden. Der Inka Trail stellt

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Leider können wir euch die Unterbringung in einem Privatzimmer lediglich am ersten Tag der Salzsee-Tour garantieren. Auch entsprechen die Öffnungszeiten nicht den Abfahrt- und Ankunftszeiten. Melde dich jetzt für meinen topaktuellen Newsletter an! Es war unsere erste Reise nach Südamerika und wir waren begeistert. Was ihr unbedingt in euren Backpack packen solltet Weiter zum Artikel. Ja, auf der Strecke ca. Von Machu Picchu bis zur Copacabana in Rio. Doch, wenn ihr Annas Beweggrund hört, dann werdet ihr die 80 Dollar sicher auch gerne ausgeben. Am Abend wirst du zurück zum Hotel gebracht.

While "BA" is used more by expats residing in the city, the locals more often use the abbreviation "Baires", in one word.

The settlement founded by Mendoza was located in what is today the San Telmo district of Buenos Aires, south of the city centre. More attacks by the indigenous people forced the settlers away, and in the site was abandoned.

From its earliest days, Buenos Aires depended primarily on trade. During most of the 17th century, Spanish ships were menaced by pirates, so they developed a complex system where ships with military protection were dispatched to Central America in a convoy from Seville the only port allowed to trade with the colonies, to Lima, Peru and from it to the inner cities of the viceroyalty.

Because of this, products took a very long time to arrive in Buenos Aires, and the taxes generated by the transport made them prohibitive. This scheme frustrated the traders of Buenos Aires, and a thriving informal yet accepted by the authorities contraband industry developed inside the colonies and with the Portuguese.

Sensing these feelings, Charles III of Spain progressively eased the trade restrictions and finally declared Buenos Aires an open port in the late 18th century.

The capture of Porto Bello by British forces also fueled the need to foster commerce via the Atlantic route, to the detriment of Lima-based trade. In the British successfully invaded Buenos Aires, but an army from Montevideo led by Santiago de Liniers defeated them.

Buenos Aires became the capital again after its liberation, but Sobremonte could not resume his duties as viceroy.

Santiago de Liniers, chosen as new viceroy, prepared the city against a possible new British attack and repelled the attempted invasion of The militarization generated in society changed the balance of power favorably for the criollos in contrast to peninsulars , as well as the development of the Peninsular War in Spain.

However, by it would be those same armies who would support a new revolutionary attempt, successfully removing the new viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros.

This is known as the May Revolution , which is now celebrated as a national holiday. This event started the Argentine War of Independence , and many armies left Buenos Aires to fight the diverse strongholds of royalist resistance, with varying levels of success.

The government was held first by two Juntas of many members, then by two triumvirates , and finally by a unipersonal office, the Supreme Director.

Buenos Aires managed to endure the whole Spanish American wars of independence without falling again under royalist rule. In the months immediately following the 25 May Revolution, Buenos Aires sent a number of military envoys to the provinces with the intention of obtaining their approval.

Many of these missions ended in violent clashes, and the enterprise fuelled tensions between the capital and the provinces. In the 19th century the city was blockaded twice by naval forces: Both blockades failed to force the city into submission, and the foreign powers eventually desisted from their demands.

During most of the 19th century, the political status of the city remained a sensitive subject. It was already the capital of Buenos Aires Province , and between and it was the capital of the seceded State of Buenos Aires.

The issue was fought out more than once on the battlefield, until the matter was finally settled in when the city was federalized and became the seat of government, with its mayor appointed by the president.

The Casa Rosada became the seat of the president. Health conditions in poor areas were negative, with high rates of tuberculosis.

Public-health physicians and politicians typically blamed both the poor themselves and their ramshackle tenement houses conventillos for the spread of the dreaded disease.

People ignored public-health campaigns to limit the spread of contagious diseases, such as the prohibition of spitting on the streets, the strict guidelines to care for infants and young children, and quarantines that separated families from ill loved ones.

In addition to the wealth generated by the Buenos Aires Customs and the fertile pampas , railroad development in the second half of the 19th century increased the economic power of Buenos Aires as raw materials flowed into its factories.

A leading destination for immigrants from Europe, particularly Italy and Spain, from to Buenos Aires became a multicultural city that ranked itself with the major European capitals.

A second construction boom, from to , reshaped downtown and much of the city. These laborers became the political base of Peronism , which emerged in Buenos Aires during the pivotal demonstration of 17 October , at the Plaza de Mayo.

In the s the city suffered from the fighting between left-wing revolutionary movements Montoneros , E. The March coup , led by General Jorge Videla , only escalated this conflict; the " Dirty War " resulted in 30, desaparecidos people kidnapped and killed by the military during the years of the junta.

The plan, however, called for a seemingly indiscriminate razing of residential areas and, though only three of the eight planned were put up at the time, they were mostly obtrusive raised freeways that continue to blight a number of formerly comfortable neighborhoods to this day.

The return of democracy in coincided with a cultural revival, and the s saw an economic revival, particularly in the construction and financial sectors.

On 17 March a bomb exploded in the Israeli Embassy , killing 29 and injuring Another explosion, on 18 July , destroyed a building housing several Jewish organizations, killing 85 and injuring many more, these incidents marked the beginning of Middle Eastern terrorism to South America.

Jorge Telerman , who had been the acting mayor, was invested with the office. In , the elections went to a second round with The elections were the first to use an electronic voting system in the city, similar to the one used in Salta Province.

View of 9 de Julio Avenue with the Obelisk. The region was formerly crossed by different streams and lagoons, some of which were refilled and others tubed.

Starting in , most streams were enclosed. Notably, the Maldonado was tubed in , and runs below Juan B. Summers are hot and humid. Winters are cool with mild temperatures during the day and chilly nights.

It was the first major snowfall in the city in 89 years. Spring and autumn are characterized by changeable weather conditions. The city receives 1, The Executive is held by the Chief of Government Spanish: Jefe de Gobierno , elected for a four-year term together with a Deputy Chief of Government, who presides over the member Buenos Aires City Legislature.

Each member of the Legislature is elected for a four-year term; half of the legislature is renewed every two years. Article 61 of the Constitution of the City of Buenos Aires states that " Suffrage is free, equal, secret, universal, compulsory and non-accumulative.

Resident aliens enjoy this same right, with its corresponding obligations, on equal terms with Argentine citizens registered in the district, under the terms established by law.

Legally, the city has less autonomy than the Provinces. Furthermore, it declared that the Port of Buenos Aires , along with some other places, would remain under constituted federal authorities.

Beginning in , the city has embarked on a new decentralization scheme, creating new Communes comunas which are to be managed by elected committees of seven members each.

Casa Rosada , workplace of the President of Argentina is in the Monserrat neighbourhood. In the census of there were 2,, people residing in the city.

The population of Buenos Aires proper has hovered around 3 million since , due to low birth rates and a slow migration to the suburbs. The census showed a relatively aged population: The city is divided into barrios neighborhoods for administrative purposes, a division originally based on Catholic parroquias parishes.

There are a several subdivisions of these districts, some with a long history and others that are the product of a real estate invention.

A newer scheme has divided the city into 15 comunas communes. In the s and s, there was a small wave of immigration from Romania and Ukraine.

The Criollo and Spanish-aboriginal mestizo population in the city has increased mostly as a result of immigration from the inner provinces and from other countries such as neighboring Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile and Peru , since the second half of the 20th century.

The city is also eighth largest in the world in terms of Jewish population. Chinese immigration is the fourth largest in Argentina, with the vast majority of them living in Buenos Aires and its metropolitan area.

They started the dry cleaning business in Argentina, an activity that is considered idiosyncratic to the Japanese immigrants in Buenos Aires.

In the city, 15, people identified themselves as Afro-Argentine in the Census. The city is home to the largest mosque in South America.

The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city. Templo Libertad is a Jewish house of prayer.

Anglican Cathedral of St. John the Baptist , is the oldest non-Catholic church building in Latin America. Russian Orthodox church in San Telmo. Villas miserias range from small groups of precarious houses to larger, more organised communities with thousands of residents.

In rural areas, the houses in the villas miserias might be made of mud and wood. Buenos Aires is the financial, industrial, and commercial hub of Argentina.

As a result, it serves as the distribution hub for a vast area of the south-eastern region of the continent. The Port of Buenos Aires handles over 11 million revenue tons annually, [97] and Dock Sud , just south of the city proper, handles another 17 million metric tons.

It benefits as much from high local purchasing power and a large local supply of skilled labor as it does from its relationship to massive agriculture and industry just outside the city limits.

Other leading industries are automobile manufacturing, oil refining, metalworking, machine building and the production of textiles, chemicals, clothing and beverages.

Other revenues include user fees, fines and gambling duties. The number of cultural festivals with more than 10 sites and 5 years of existence also places the city as 2nd worldwide, after Edinburgh.

The city has numerous museums related to history, fine arts, modern arts, decorative arts, popular arts, sacred art, arts and crafts, theatre and popular music, as well as the preserved homes of noted art collectors, writers, composers and artists.

The city is home to hundreds of bookstores, public libraries and cultural associations it is sometimes called "the city of books" , as well as the largest concentration of active theatres in Latin America.

It has a world-famous zoo and botanical garden , a large number of landscaped parks and squares, as well as churches and places of worship of many denominations, many of which are architecturally noteworthy.

Buenos Aires has a thriving arts culture, [] with "a huge inventory of museums, ranging from obscure to world-class. The first major artistic movements in Argentina coincided with the first signs of political liberty in the country, such as the sanction of the secret ballot and universal male suffrage, the first president to be popularly elected , and the cultural revolution that involved the University Reform of In this context, in which there continued to be influence from the Paris School Modigliani, Chagall, Soutine, Klee , three main groups arose.

Buenos Aires has been the birthplace of several artists and movements of national and international relevance, and has become a central motif in Argentine artistic production, specially since the 20th century.

Museum of Decorative Arts. Despite its short urban history, Buenos Aires has an abundant literary production; its mythical-literary network "has grown at the same rate at which the streets of the city earned its shores to the pampas and buildings stretched its shadow on the curb.

Two names stand out from this period: Gradually, with the economic prosperity of the port, the cultural axis moved eastward.

The letters of the colonial age Viceroyalty- neoclassicism , baroque and epic grew under the protection of the independentist fervor: The city hosts the National Library of the Argentine Republic , the largest library in the country.

Every April, the Buenos Aires International Book Fair takes place, which describes itself as "the most important annual literary event in the Spanish speaking world.

Today, Buenos Aires has more bookshops per person than any other cities in the world. It is heavily influenced by the dialects of Spanish spoken in Andalusia and Murcia.

In the early 20th century, Argentina absorbed millions of immigrants, many of them Italians, who spoke mostly in their local dialects mainly Neapolitan, Sicilian and Genoese.

Their adoption of Spanish was gradual, creating a pidgin of Italian dialects and Spanish that was called cocoliche.

Its usage declined around the s. Many Spanish immigrants were from Galicia , and Spaniards are still generically referred to in Argentina as gallegos Galicians.

Galician language , cuisine and culture had a major presence in the city for most of the 20th century. In recent years, descendants of Galician immigrants have led a mini-boom in Celtic music which also highlighted the Welsh traditions of Patagonia.

Yiddish was commonly heard in Buenos Aires, especially in the Balvanera garment district and in Villa Crespo until the s. Most of the newer immigrants learn Spanish quickly and assimilate into city life.

Lunfardo uses words from Italian dialects, from Brazilian Portuguese , from African and Caribbean languages and even from English. Lunfardo employs humorous tricks such as inverting the syllables within a word vesre.

Today, Lunfardo is mostly heard in tango lyrics; [] the slang of the younger generations has been evolving away from it. Buenos Aires was also the first city to host a Mundo Lingo event on 7 July , which have been after replicated in up to 15 cities in 13 countries.

According to the Harvard Dictionary of Music , "Argentina has one of the richest art music traditions and perhaps the most active contemporary musical life" in South America.

A contemporary trend is neotango also known as electrotango , with exponents such as Bajofondo and Gotan Project. The city hosts several music festivals every year.

The popularity of local cinema in the Spanish-speaking world played a key role in the massification of tango music. Carlos Gardel , an iconic figure of tango and Buenos Aires, became an international star by starring in several films during that era.

In response to large studio productions, the "Generation of the 60s" appeared, a group of filmmakers that produced the first modernist films in Argentina during that early years of that decade.

One of the most notable films of these movement is La hora de los hornos by Fernando Solanas. During the period of democracy between and , the local cinema experienced critical and commercial success, with titles including Juan Moreira , La Patagonia rebelde , La Raulito , and La tregua — which became the first Argentine film nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

However, because of censorship and a new military government, Argentine cinema stalled until the return of democracy in the s. This generation — known as "Argentine Cinema in Liberty and Democracy" — were mostly young or postponed filmmakers, and gained international notoriety.

According to Global Language Monitor , as of [update] the city is the 20th leading fashion capital in the world, ranking second in Latin America after Rio de Janeiro.

The neighbourhood of Palermo, particularly the area known as Soho , is where the latest fashion and design trends are presented.

Buenos Aires architecture is characterized by its eclectic nature, with elements resembling Paris and Madrid.

In , the Basilica del Santisimo Sacramento was opened to the public. Totally built by the generous donation of Mrs.

The altar is full of marble, and was the biggest ever built in South America at that time. In , the construction of Palacio Barolo began.

A ,candela beacon was installed at the top m , making the building visible even from Uruguay. In , the Barolo Palace went under an exhausive restoration, and the beacon was made operational again.

The construction of skyscrapers proliferated in Buenos Aires until the s. Primary education comprise grades 1—7. Most primary schools in the city still adhere to the traditional seven-year primary school, but kids can do grades 1—6 if their high schools lasts 6 years, such as ORT Argentina.

Secondary education in Argentina is called Polimodal "polymodal", that is, having multiple modes , since it allows the student to choose their orientation.

Polimodal is usually 3 years of schooling, although some schools have a fourth year. Before entering the first year of polimodal, students choose an orientation, among these five: Some high schools depend on the University of Buenos Aires , and these require an admission course when students are taking the last year of high school.

The last two do have a specific orientation. In December the Chamber of Deputies of the Argentine Congress passed a new National Education Law restoring the old system of primary followed by secondary education, making secondary education obligatory and a right, and increasing the length of compulsory education to 13 years.

The government vowed to put the law in effect gradually, starting in There are many public universities in Argentina, as well as a number of private universities.

The University of Buenos Aires , one of the top learning institutions in South America, has produced five Nobel Prize winners and provides taxpayer-funded education for students from all around the globe.

Buenos Aires is home to several private universities of different quality, such as: Visitors have many options such as going to a tango show, an estancia in the Province of Buenos Aires , or enjoying the traditional asado.

The exchange rate today has hampered tourism and shopping in particular. Notable consumer brands such as Burberry and Louis Vuitton have abandoned the country due to the exchange rate and import restrictions.

The most popular tourist sites are found in the historic core of the city, in the Montserrat and San Telmo neighborhoods.

To the east of the square is the Casa Rosada , the official seat of the executive branch of the government of Argentina. Other important colonial institutions were Cabildo , to the west, which was renovated during the construction of Avenida de Mayo and Julio A.

Lastly, to the northwest, is City Hall. Some of the most important are:. In , Argentina created a federal agency to ensure access to official information.

Of cases alleging crimes against humanity, judges had issued rulings in Prosecutions were made possible by a series of actions taken in the early s by Congress, the Supreme Court, and federal judges annulling amnesty laws and striking down pardons of former officials implicated in the crimes.

As of September , people who were illegally taken from their parents as children during the dictatorship had been located.

Many were reunited with their families. In May, the Supreme Court issued a controversial ruling on sentencing for crimes against humanity committed during the last dictatorship.

The court used provisions of the law to reduce his sentence from 13 to 9 years. In July, a criminal court in Mendoza province sentenced four people who served as judges during the dictatorship to life in prison without possibility of parole for committing crimes against humanity, including arbitrary arrests, torture, killings, and enforced disappearances.

Twenty-four military, police, and penitentiary agents were also convicted. The large number of victims, suspects, and cases make it difficult for prosecutors and judges to bring those responsible to justice while respecting their due process rights.

In , the government said it would not appeal judicial rulings granting house arrest to these detainees and convicted prisoners.

In January , police detained Milagro Sala, a prominent social leader in Jujuy province, in connection with her participation in street protests.

Sala was charged with instigating protesters to commit crimes and with sedition. Sala was also under investigation for alleged corruption.

In July, she was transferred to house arrest, as mandated by precautionary measures that the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights IACHR had issued in her favor, but was returned to prison in October for allegedly failing to comply with the conditions of her home arrest.

In April , the Argentine government committed to reforming the criminal code to modify and narrow the definition of sedition. However, it had yet to present a formal proposal to Congress at time of writing.

Upon taking office, President Mauricio Macri adopted a temporary set of decrees to regulate media, and created a new agency that reports to the Communications Ministry to implement the new rules.

In July , the government said it was drafting a communications law that it claimed would respect free speech. At time of writing, the law had not been presented to Congress.

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Santiago de Cali Mar del Plata Rio de Janeiro Youth Olympic Games Host Cities. Retrieved from " https: Prosecutions were made possible by a series of actions taken in the early s by Congress, the Supreme Court, and federal judges annulling amnesty laws and striking down pardons of former officials implicated in the crimes.

As of September , people who were illegally taken from their parents as children during the dictatorship had been located. Many were reunited with their families.

In May, the Supreme Court issued a controversial ruling on sentencing for crimes against humanity committed during the last dictatorship.

The court used provisions of the law to reduce his sentence from 13 to 9 years. In July, a criminal court in Mendoza province sentenced four people who served as judges during the dictatorship to life in prison without possibility of parole for committing crimes against humanity, including arbitrary arrests, torture, killings, and enforced disappearances.

Twenty-four military, police, and penitentiary agents were also convicted. The large number of victims, suspects, and cases make it difficult for prosecutors and judges to bring those responsible to justice while respecting their due process rights.

In , the government said it would not appeal judicial rulings granting house arrest to these detainees and convicted prisoners. In January , police detained Milagro Sala, a prominent social leader in Jujuy province, in connection with her participation in street protests.

Sala was charged with instigating protesters to commit crimes and with sedition. Sala was also under investigation for alleged corruption.

In July, she was transferred to house arrest, as mandated by precautionary measures that the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights IACHR had issued in her favor, but was returned to prison in October for allegedly failing to comply with the conditions of her home arrest.

In April , the Argentine government committed to reforming the criminal code to modify and narrow the definition of sedition. However, it had yet to present a formal proposal to Congress at time of writing.

Upon taking office, President Mauricio Macri adopted a temporary set of decrees to regulate media, and created a new agency that reports to the Communications Ministry to implement the new rules.

In July , the government said it was drafting a communications law that it claimed would respect free speech. At time of writing, the law had not been presented to Congress.

However, the new, supposedly temporary agency that lacks structural independence from the executive had already issued rulings regulating media.

In , the Macri administration issued a resolution establishing transparent criteria to prevent favoritism in government purchases of media advertising.

The National Defense System , an exclusive responsibility of the federal government, [] coordinated by the Ministry of Defense , and comprising the Army , the Navy and the Air Force.

Military service is voluntary, with enlistment age between 18 and 24 years old and no conscription. The Interior Security System , jointly administered by the federal and subscribing provincial governments.

In , an Argentine contingent including helicopters, boats and water purification plants was sent to help Bolivia against their worst floods in decades.

Historically, however, its economic performance has been very uneven, with high economic growth alternating with severe recessions, income maldistribution and—in the recent decades—increasing poverty.

High inflation —a weakness of the Argentine economy for decades—has become a trouble once again, [] with an annual rate of In [update] manufacturing accounted for In [update] the leading sectors by volume were: Nevertheless, this road infrastructure is still inadequate and cannot handle the sharply growing demand caused by deterioration of the railway system.

Buenos Aires has historically been the most important port; however since the s the Up-River port region has become dominant: In [update] there were airports with paved runways [] out of more than a thousand.

Print media industry is highly developed in Argentina, with more than two hundred newspapers. The Argentine television industry is large, diverse and popular across Latin America, with many productions and TV formats having been exported abroad.

Since Argentines enjoy the highest availability of cable and satellite television in Latin America, [] as of [update] totaling By [update] Argentina also had the highest coverage of networked telecommunications among Latin American powers: Argentinians have received three Nobel Prizes in the Sciences.

Bernardo Houssay , the first Latin American recipient, discovered the role of pituitary hormones in regulating glucose in animals, and shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in Luis Leloir discovered how organisms store energy converting glucose into glycogen and the compounds which are fundamental in metabolizing carbohydrates , receiving the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in Argentine research has led to treatments for heart diseases and several forms of cancer.

Domingo Liotta designed and developed the first artificial heart that was successfully implanted in a human being in In Argentina was the first country in Latin America to design and build a research reactor with homegrown technology, the RA-1 Enrico Fermi.

In , the country admitted having the capability of producing weapon-grade uranium , a major step needed to assemble nuclear weapons ; since then, however, Argentina has pledged to use nuclear power only for peaceful purposes.

Despite its modest budget and numerous setbacks, academics and the sciences in Argentina have enjoyed an international respect since the turn of the s, when Dr.

Argentine scientists are still on the cutting edge in fields such as nanotechnology , physics , computer sciences , molecular biology, oncology, ecology and cardiology.

Juan Maldacena , an Argentine-American scientist, is a leading figure in string theory. Space research has also become increasingly active in Argentina.

Chosen from 20 potential sites and one of only three such ESA installations in the world, the new antenna will create a triangulation which will allow the ESA to ensure mission coverage around the clock [].

Tourism in Argentina is characterized by its cultural offerings and its ample and varied natural assets. The country had 5. In the census [ INDEC ] , Argentina had a population of 36,,, and preliminary results from the census were of 40,, inhabitants.

Population density is of 15 persons per square kilometer of land area, well below the world average of 50 persons.

The population growth rate in was an estimated 1. The net migration rate has ranged from zero to four immigrants per 1, inhabitants per year.

The proportion of people under 15 is Its birth rate of 2. Argentina became in the first country in Latin America and the second in the Americas to allow same-sex marriage nationwide.

As with other areas of new settlement such as the United States , Canada , Australia , New Zealand , Brazil and Uruguay , Argentina is considered a country of immigrants.

Between and Argentina was the country with the second biggest immigration wave in the world, with 6. Strikingly, at those times, the national population doubled every two decades.

This belief is endured in the popular saying "los argentinos descienden de los barcos" Argentines descend from the ships.

Therefore, most Argentines are descended from the 19th- and 20th-century immigrants of the great immigration wave to Argentina — , [] [] with a great majority of these immigrants coming from diverse European countries.

The majority of these European immigrants came from Italy and Spain. Argentina is home to a significant population of Arab and partial Arab background, mostly of Syrian and Lebanese origin in Argentina they are considered among the white people , just like in the United States Census.

A scant number are Muslims of Middle Eastern origins. The Asian population in the country numbers at around , individuals, most of whom are of Chinese [] and Korean descent, although an older Japanese community that traces back to the early 20th century still exists.

From the s, immigration has mostly been coming from Bolivia , Paraguay and Peru , with smaller numbers from Dominican Republic , Ecuador and Romania.

The de facto [M] official language is Spanish , spoken by almost all Argentines. Due to the extensive Argentine geography, Spanish has a strong variation among regions, although the prevalent dialect is Rioplatense , primarily spoken in the La Plata Basin and accented similarly to the Neapolitan language.

The Constitution guarantees freedom of religion. The country is home to both the largest Muslim [] and largest Jewish communities in Latin America, the latter being the 7th most populous in the world.

Argentines show high individualization and de-institutionalization of religious beliefs; [] About 3 million people live in the city of Buenos Aires, and including the Greater Buenos Aires metropolitan area it totals around 13 million, making it one of the largest urban areas in the world.

The population is unequally distributed: Seven other provinces have over one million people each: The Argentine education system consists of four levels: The Argentine state guarantees universal, secular and free-of-charge public education for all levels.

In the last decades the role of the private sector has grown across all educational stages. Health care is provided through a combination of employer and labor union-sponsored plans Obras Sociales , government insurance plans, public hospitals and clinics and through private health insurance plans.

Health care cooperatives number over of which are related to labor unions and provide health care for half the population; the national INSSJP popularly known as PAMI covers nearly all of the five million senior citizens.

There are more than , hospital beds, , physicians and 37, dentists ratios comparable to developed nations. Causes related to senility led to many of the rest.

The availability of health care has also reduced infant mortality from 70 per live births in [] to Argentina is a multicultural country with significant European influences.

Modern Argentine culture has been largely influenced by Italian , Spanish and other European immigration from France, United Kingdom , and Germany among others.

Its cities are largely characterized by both the prevalence of people of European descent, and of conscious imitation of American and European styles in fashion, architecture and design.

Argentine writer Ernesto Sabato has reflected on the nature of the culture of Argentina as follows:. With the primitive Hispanic American reality fractured in La Plata Basin due to immigration, its inhabitants have come to be somewhat dual with all the dangers but also with all the advantages of that condition: Short stories such as Ficciones and The Aleph are among his most famous works.

He was a friend and collaborator of Adolfo Bioy Casares , who wrote one of the most praised science fiction novels , The Invention of Morel.

A national Argentine folk style emerged in the s from dozens of regional musical genres and went to influence the entirety of Latin American music.

Some of its interpreters, like Atahualpa Yupanqui and Mercedes Sosa , achieved worldwide acclaim. Argentine rock developed as a distinct musical style in the mids, when Buenos Aires and Rosario became cradles of aspiring musicians.

Tenor saxophonist Leandro "Gato" Barbieri and composer and big band conductor Lalo Schifrin are among the most internationally successful Argentine jazz musicians.

Another popular musical genre at present is Cumbia villera is a subgenre of cumbia music originated in the slums of Argentina and popularized all over Latin America and the Latin communities abroad.

Buenos Aires is one of the great theatre capitals of the world, [] [] with a scene of international caliber centered on Corrientes Avenue , "the street that never sleeps", sometimes referred to as an intellectual Broadway in Buenos Aires.

In this stage, in , a tragedy entitled Siripo had its premiere. The musical creator of the Argentine National Anthem, Blas Parera , earned fame as a theatre score writer during the early 19th century.

The genre suffered during the regime of Juan Manuel de Rosas , though it flourished alongside the economy later in the century.

The Argentine film industry has historically been one of the three most developed in Latin American cinema , along with those produced in Mexico and Brazil.

Argentine films have achieved worldwide recognition: Many other Argentine films have been acclaimed by the international critique: In [update] about full-length motion pictures were being created annually.

Internationally laureate sculptors Erminio Blotta , Lola Mora and Rogelio Yrurtia authored many of the classical evocative monuments of the Argentine cityscape.

Italian and French influences increased at the beginning of the 19th century with strong eclectic overtones that gave the local architecture a unique feeling.

Juan Antonio Buschiazzo helped popularize Beaux-Arts architecture and Francisco Gianotti combined Art Nouveau with Italianate styles, each adding flair to Argentine cities during the early 20th century.

Pato is the national sport , [] an ancient horseback game locally originated in the early s and predecessor of horseball. Basketball is a very popular sport.

It has also conquered 13 South American Championships , and many other tournaments. Rugby is another popular sport in Argentina. Tennis has been quite popular among people of all ages.

Argentina reigns undisputed in Polo , having won more international championships than any other country and been seldom beaten since the s.

Historically, Argentina has had a strong showing within Auto racing. Juan Manuel Fangio was five times Formula One world champion under four different teams, winning of his international races, and is widely ranked as the greatest driver of all time.

Besides many of the pasta, sausage and dessert dishes common to continental Europe, Argentines enjoy a wide variety of Indigenous and Criollo creations, including empanadas a small stuffed pastry , locro a mixture of corn, beans, meat, bacon, onion, and gourd , humita and mate.

The country has the highest consumption of red meat in the world, [] traditionally prepared as asado , the Argentine barbecue.

It is made with various types of meats, often including chorizo , sweetbread , chitterlings , and blood sausage. Common desserts include facturas Viennese-style pastry , cakes and pancakes filled with dulce de leche a sort of milk caramel jam , alfajores shortbread cookies sandwiched together with chocolate, dulce de leche or a fruit paste , and tortas fritas fried cakes [].

The hornero , living across most of the national territory, was chosen as the national bird in after a lower school survey. Argentine wine is the national liquor , and mate , the national infusion.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Argentina disambiguation. Sol de Mayo [2] Sun of May.

Indigenous peoples in Argentina. The Cave of the Hands in Santa Cruz province , with indigenous artwork dating from 13,—9, years ago.

Spanish colonization of the Americas. Argentine—Chilean naval arms race and South American dreadnought race. Argentine economic crisis — and Kirchnerism.

Climate of Argentina and Climatic regions of Argentina. Government of Argentina and Ministries of the Argentine Republic. List of Argentine provinces by population.

Foreign relations of Argentina. Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic. Ministro Pistarini International Airport opened in Argentina rail passenger services interactive map.

Science and technology in Argentina. Ethnography of Argentina and Immigration to Argentina. List of cities in Argentina by population.

Health care in Argentina. Andy Muschietti , director of It , the highest-grossing horror film of all-time. National symbols of Argentina.

Argentina portal Latin America portal. The people looked upward with one accord and took it as a favorable omen for their cause.

This was the origin of the "sun of May" which has appeared in the center of the Argentine flag and on the Argentine coat of arms ever since.

The sun commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May , during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence.

The Argentines who speak Welsh". Archived from the original on Retrieved 16 October Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 19 January Archived from the original XLS on 8 June Retrieved 10 September World Economic Outlook Database.

Retrieved 1 January Retrieved 9 November United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 14 September Archived from the original on 20 March Argentina is thus not a "developing country".

Uniquely, it achieved development and then lost it again. Treasury organized the next round of finance meetings, it included several non-APEC members, including all the European members of the G7, the Latin American powers Argentina and Brazil, and such other emerging markets as India, Poland, and South Africa.

Archived from the original on 5 March Argentina Ministry of the Interior. Fronteras y territorios federales de las pampas del Sud in Spanish. La guerra por las vacas in Spanish.

Retrieved 4 December Historia del Chaco in Spanish. Retrieved 20 February State terrorism in Latin America , p. Retrieved 7 November Retrieved 25 June Universidad Nacional de Cuyo.

Archived from the original on 8 September Retrieved 3 September Archived from the original on 31 October Archived from the original on 23 July Geology — Geoscience News and Information.

Argentinien Peru Video

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