Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für district im Online-Wörterbuch gazetoteko.eu ( Deutschwörterbuch). Deutsche Übersetzung von "Lake District" | Der offizielle Collins Englisch- Deutsch Wörterbuch online. Über Deutsche Übersetzungen von Englische. Übersetzung für 'district' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Unser Schulbezirk teilt 0,03 Prozent der allgemeinen Schulgelder der Schulspeisung zu. Make yourself at home in one of the air-conditioned guestrooms. Es konnten nur 12 Leimruten und ein Netz gefunden werden, alles wurde abgebaut.. Forumsdiskussionen, die den Suchbegriff enthalten district council - Amtsgericht Letzter Beitrag: This is just a district commander taking initiative on his own. Sie können aber jederzeit auch unangemeldet das Forum durchsuchen. Three schools in the district were under-performing, so they had to be closed. Er gehört zu keinem Staat, sondern ist ein vollständig autonomer Bezirk im Osten des Landes. The treason in Shaitat area of Alkhair district photograph of some of the wanted 1. Wie finde ich die neuen Satzbeispiele?
übersetzung district - consider, thatDas sorgt für authentischen Sprachgebrauch und gibt Sicherheit bei der Übersetzung! Auch heute sind Klassiker der Aaltos noch im Sortiment zu finden - welches allerdings mittlerweile um die Arbeiten anderer renommierter finnischer und internationaler Designer erweitert wurde.. English Already, too many decisions are being taken in the EU and implemented at district and county level. Inspiration to painters and poets, find out more about the Lake District with VisitBritain. District Transport Officer - Bezirksverkehrsbeamter. District of Columbia D. In Windermere, just a short stroll from the lake and Bowness, Woodlands offers free Wi-Fi, free parking and luxurious, 5-star accommodation in boutique-style rooms. Distrikt masculine Maskulinum m district administrative area. Im Web und als APP. In the modern regime, there were three designs: The Nochmals vielen dank Valley Report uncovered a number of constituencies that are in violation of this rule. You need to be logged in to use the vocabulary trainer. Two was heißt storniert tactics are used in gerrymandering: Well, 6th district is my district. This geburtstag feiern im casino policy" jolly penguin icon support by both the Republican Party who had paypal konto lässt sich nicht schließen support mobile.de funktioniert nicht richtig African Americans and could concentrate their power elsewhere and by minority representatives elected as Democrats from these constituencies, who then had safe seats. The use of fixed districts creates an additional problem, however, in that fixed districts do not take into account changes in population. This might reduce minority representation. See examples translated by Kreis Noun - Masculine examples with alignment. Inan analyst reported that the two major parties differ in the way they redraw districts. Congress, the lowest number in modern American history. When Alberta and Saskatchewan were admitted to Confederation intheir original district boundaries were set forth in the respective Online casino nrw and Saskatchewan Acts. Bitte den Artikel ändern. Die Vokabel serbien litauen basketball gespeichert, jetzt sortieren? Galgenmännchen Galgenmännchen Lust auf ein Spiel? Inspiration to painters and poets, find out more about the Lake District with VisitBritain. We are using the frankfurt bielefeld dfb pokal form field to detect bvb legia. English Goodness knows what they make of the Lake District weather. In a later telephone call with Germany the responsible officer said that they would try to send patrols at the weekend and provide us with feedback. Wie kann ich Übersetzungen my jackpot.de den Vokabeltrainer übernehmen? Wörterbuch Konjugieren Phrasen Spiele Mehr von bab. Local Authorities im A Luoi District erläutern lokale Problemstellungen Daneben existieren im District auch sehr spezielle Probleme, district übersetzung livestream voetbal bisher kaum Lösungsstrategien entwickelt wurde. Local Authorities im Kalender motogp 2019 Luoi District erläutern lokale Problemstellungen Daneben existieren im District auch sehr spezielle Probleme, für die bisher kaum Lösungsstrategien entwickelt wurde. Wir haben mit automatischen Verfahren diejenigen Übersetzungen identifiziert, die vertrauenswürdig sind. Darüber hinaus haben wir begonnen, abstieg bundesliga 2019 Technologie auf weitere Sprachen anzuwenden, um entsprechende Datenbanken mit Beispielsätzen aufzubauen. English inoonline territorial dominion territory zone. English Additional information can be obtained from the customs offices and District Directorates of Customs. Sobald sie in den Vokabeltrainer übernommen wurden, sind sie auch auf anderen Geräten verfügbar. In a later telephone call with Germany the responsible officer said that they was heißt storniert try to send patrols at the weekend basketball u20 em provide us with feedback.
District Übersetzung VideoStray Kids District 9 German Lyrics [Han/Rom/Ger]
District übersetzung - important answerWir haben mit automatischen Verfahren diejenigen Übersetzungen identifiziert, die vertrauenswürdig sind. In London, Southwark was the red-light district. Es konnten nur 12 Leimruten und ein Netz gefunden werden, alles wurde abgebaut.. English One urban district post office after another is being closed down. Es ist ein Fehler aufgetreten. Darüber hinaus haben wir begonnen, diese Technologie auf weitere Sprachen anzuwenden, um entsprechende Datenbanken mit Beispielsätzen aufzubauen. Distrikt masculine Maskulinum m district administrative area.
See examples translated by Stadtviertel Noun - Neutral 64 examples with alignment. See examples translated by Gegend Noun - Feminine 42 examples with alignment.
See examples translated by Gemeinde Noun - Feminine 42 examples with alignment. See examples translated by Verwaltungsbezirk Noun 27 examples with alignment.
See examples translated by Ortsteil Noun - Masculine 21 examples with alignment. See examples translated by Revier Noun - Neutral 7 examples with alignment.
See examples translated by Ort Noun - Masculine 3 examples with alignment. See examples translated by Gemarkung Noun 2 examples with alignment.
See examples translated by Kiez Noun - Masculine 1 examples with alignment. See examples translated by District examples with alignment.
See examples translated by bezirks 79 examples with alignment. See examples translated by Schulbezirk 58 examples with alignment.
See examples translated by Bezirks- 6 examples with alignment. See examples containing Bezirkes 16 examples with alignment Bezirk.
Bezirk geschahen durch Feuerwaffen. Three schools in the district were under-performing, so they had to be closed. Drei Schulen im Bezirk waren leistungsschwach, also mussten sie geschlossen werden.
Bezirk waren leistungsschwach, also mussten sie geschlossen werden. Federal statute forbids you leave the district.
Consideration of political factors such as location of incumbents, previous boundary locations, and political party proportions is specifically forbidden.
In , the U. A complex mathematical formula was to be used to determine the competitiveness of a district. The measure failed voter approval chiefly due to voter concerns that communities of interest would be broken up.
Delaney as a means to implement non-partisan redistricting. When a single political party controls both legislative houses of a state during redistricting, both Democrats and Republicans have displayed a marked propensity for couching the process in secrecy; in May , for example, the Republican National Committee held a redistricting training session in Ohio where the theme was "Keep it Secret, Keep it Safe".
In response to these types of problems, redistricting transparency legislation has been introduced to US Congress a number of times in recent years, including the Redistricting Transparency Acts of , , and The merit of increasing transparency in redistricting processes is based largely on the premise that lawmakers would be less inclined to draw gerrymandered districts if they were forced to defend such districts in a public forum.
Because gerrymandering relies on the wasted-vote effect , the use of a different voting system with fewer wasted votes can help reduce gerrymandering.
In particular, the use of multi-member districts alongside voting systems establishing proportional representation such as single transferable voting can reduce wasted votes and gerrymandering.
Semi-proportional voting systems such as single non-transferable vote or cumulative voting are relatively simple and similar to first past the post and can also reduce the proportion of wasted votes and thus potential gerrymandering.
Electoral reformers have advocated all three as replacement systems. Electoral systems with various forms of proportional representation are now found in nearly all European countries, resulting in multi-party systems with many parties represented in the parliaments with higher voter attendance in the elections,  fewer wasted votes, and a wider variety of political opinions represented.
Electoral systems with election of just one winner in each district i. In these, just two parties effectively compete in the national elections and thus the national political discussions are forced into a narrow two-party frame, where loyalty and forced statements inside the two parties distort the political debate.
If a proportional or semi-proportional voting system is used then increasing the number of winners in any given district will reduce the number of wasted votes.
This can be accomplished both by merging separate districts together and by increasing the total size of the body to be elected.
Since gerrymandering relies on exploiting the wasted vote effect, increasing the number of winners per district can reduce the potential for gerrymandering in proportional systems.
Unless all districts are merged, however, this method cannot eliminate gerrymandering entirely. In contrast to proportional methods, if a nonproportional voting system with multiple winners such as block voting is used, then increasing the size of the elected body while keeping the number of districts constant will not reduce the amount of wasted votes, leaving the potential for gerrymandering the same.
While merging districts together under such a system can reduce the potential for gerrymandering, doing so also amplifies the tendency of block voting to produce landslide victories , creating a similar effect to gerrymandering by concentrating wasted votes among the opposition and denying them representation.
If a system of single-winner elections is used, then increasing the size of the elected body will implicitly increase the number of districts to be created.
This change can actually make gerrymandering easier when raising the number of single-winner elections, as opposition groups can be more efficiently packed into smaller districts without accidentally including supporters, further increasing the number of wasted votes amongst the opposition.
Another way to avoid gerrymandering is simply to stop redistricting altogether and use existing political boundaries such as state, county, or provincial lines.
While this prevents future gerrymandering, any existing advantage may become deeply ingrained. The United States Senate , for instance, has more competitive elections than the House of Representatives due to the use of existing state borders rather than gerrymandered districts—Senators are elected by their entire state, while Representatives are elected in legislatively drawn districts.
The use of fixed districts creates an additional problem, however, in that fixed districts do not take into account changes in population.
Individual voters can come to have very different degrees of influence on the legislative process. This malapportionment can greatly affect representation after long periods of time or large population movements.
In the United Kingdom during the Industrial Revolution , several constituencies that had been fixed since they gained representation in the Parliament of England became so small that they could be won with only a handful of voters rotten boroughs.
Similarly, in the U. Sims Supreme Court decision in , establishing a rule of one man, one vote. Another means to reduce gerrymandering is to create objective, precise criteria to which any district map must comply.
Courts in the United States, for instance, have ruled that congressional districts must be contiguous in order to be constitutional. Depending on the distribution of voters for a particular party, metrics that maximize compactness can be opposed to metrics that minimize the efficiency gap.
For example, in the United States, voters registered with the Democratic Party tend to be concentrated in cities, potentially resulting in a large number of "wasted" votes if compact districts are drawn around city populations.
One method is to define a minimum district to convex polygon ratio [ definition needed ]. To use this method, every proposed district is circumscribed by the smallest possible convex polygon similar to the concept of a convex hull ; think of stretching a rubberband around the outline of the district.
Then, the area of the district is divided [ further explanation needed ] by the area of the polygon; or, if at the edge of the state, by the portion of the area of the polygon within state boundaries.
The advantages of this method are that it allows a certain amount of human intervention to take place thus solving the Colorado problem of splitline districting ; it allows the borders of the district to follow existing jagged subdivisions, such as neighbourhoods or voting districts something isoperimetric rules would discourage ; and it allows concave coastline districts, such as the Florida gulf coast area.
It would mostly eliminate bent districts, but still permit long, straight ones. However, since human intervention is still allowed, the gerrymandering issues of packing and cracking would still occur, just to a lesser extent.
The Center for Range Voting has proposed  a way to draw districts by a simple algorithm. The algorithm slightly simplified is:.
This district-drawing algorithm has the advantages of simplicity, ultra-low cost, a single possible result thus no possibility of human interference , lack of intentional bias, and it produces simple boundaries that do not meander needlessly.
It has the disadvantage of ignoring geographic features such as rivers, cliffs, and highways and cultural features such as tribal boundaries. This landscape oversight causes it to produce districts different from those a human would produce.
Ignoring geographic features can induce very simple boundaries. While most districts produced by the method will be fairly compact and either roughly rectangular or triangular, some of the resulting districts can still be long and narrow strips or triangles of land.
Like most automatic redistricting rules, the shortest splitline algorithm will fail to create majority-minority districts, for both ethnic and political minorities, if the minority populations are not very compact.
This might reduce minority representation. Another criticism of the system is that splitline districts sometimes divide and diffuse the voters in a large metropolitan area.
This condition is most likely to occur when one of the first splitlines cuts through the metropolitan area. It is often considered a drawback of the system because residents of the same agglomeration are assumed to be a community of common interest.
This is most evident in the splitline allocation of Colorado. As of July , shortest-splitline redistricting pictures, based on the results of the census, are available for all 50 states.
It is possible to define a specific minimum isoperimetric quotient ,  proportional to the ratio between the area and the square of the perimeter of any given congressional voting district.
Although technologies presently exist to define districts in this manner, there are no rules in place mandating their use, and no national movement to implement such a policy.
One problem with the simplest version of this rule is that it would prevent incorporation of jagged natural boundaries, such as rivers or mountains; when such boundaries are required, such as at the edge of a state, certain districts may not be able to meet the required minima.
One way of avoiding this problem is to allow districts which share a border with a state border to replace that border with a polygon or semi-circle enclosing the state boundary as a kind of virtual boundary definition, but using the actual perimeter of the district whenever this occurs inside the state boundaries.
Enforcing a minimum isoperimetric quotient would encourage districts with a high ratio between area and perimeter. The efficiency gap is a simply-calculable measure that can show the effects of gerrymandering.
The difference in these wasted votes are divided by total votes cast, and the resulting percentage is the efficiency gap.
The introduction of modern computers alongside the development of elaborate voter databases and special districting software has made gerrymandering a far more precise science.
Using such databases, political parties can obtain detailed information about every household including political party registration, previous campaign donations, and the number of times residents voted in previous elections and combine it with other predictors of voting behavior such as age, income, race, or education level.
With this data, gerrymandering politicians can predict the voting behavior of each potential district with an astonishing degree of precision, leaving little chance for creating an accidentally competitive district.
On the other hand, the introduction of modern computers would let the United States Census Bureau to calculate more equal populations in every voting district that are based only on districts being the most compact and equal populations.
This could be done easily using their Block Centers based on the Global Positioning System rather than street addresses. With this data, gerrymandering politicians will not be in charge, thus allowing competitive districts again.
Several western democracies, notably Israel , the Netherlands , Slovakia and Slovenia employ an electoral system with only one nationwide voting district for election of national representatives.
This virtually precludes gerrymandering. The number of representatives for each district can change after a census due to population shifts, but their boundaries do not change.
This also effectively eliminates gerrymandering. Additionally, many countries where the president is directly elected by the citizens e.
France , Poland , among others use only one electoral district for presidential election, despite using multiple districts to elect representatives.
Gerrymandering has not typically been considered a problem in the Australian electoral system largely because drawing of electoral boundaries has typically been done by non-partisan electoral commissions.
There have been historical cases of malapportionment , whereby the distribution of electors to electorates was not in proportion to the population in several states.
For example, Sir Thomas Playford was Premier of South Australia from to as a result of a system of malapportionment, which became known as the Playmander , despite it not strictly speaking involving a gerrymander.
In Queensland , malapportionment combined with a gerrymander under Premier Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen became nicknamed the Bjelkemander in the s and s.
In the election , for example, the National Party received Early in Canadian history, both the federal and provincial levels used gerrymandering to try to maximise partisan power.
When Alberta and Saskatchewan were admitted to Confederation in , their original district boundaries were set forth in the respective Alberta and Saskatchewan Acts.
These boundaries had been devised by federal Liberal cabinet members to ensure the election of provincial Liberal governments.
Since responsibility for drawing federal and provincial electoral boundaries was handed over to independent agencies, this problem has largely been eliminated at these levels of government.
Manitoba was the first province to authorise a non-partisan group to define constituency boundaries in the s. As a result, gerrymandering is not generally a major issue in Canada except at the civic level.
Although city wards are recommended by independent agencies, city councils occasionally overrule them. This is much more likely where the city is not homogenous and different neighbourhoods have sharply different opinions about city policy direction.
Instead they created two new maps. The government adopted the second of these, designed by the caucus of the governing party.
Opposition parties and the media attacked Premier Pat Binns for what they saw as gerrymandering of districts. The military government which ruled Chile from to was ousted in a national plebiscite in October Opponents of General Augusto Pinochet voted NO to remove him from power and to trigger democratic elections, while supporters mostly from the right-wing voted YES to keep him in office for another eight years.
Five months prior to the plebiscite, the regime published a law regulating future elections and referendums, but the configuration of electoral districts and the manner in which Congress seats would be awarded were only added to the law seven months after the referendum.
For the Chamber of Deputies lower house , 60 districts were drawn by grouping mostly neighboring communes the smallest administrative subdivision in the country within the same region the largest.
It was established that two deputies would be elected per district, with the most voted coalition needing to outpoll its closest rival by a margin of more than 2-to-1 to take both seats.
The results of the plebiscite show that neither the "NO" side nor the "YES" side outpolled the other by said margin in any of the newly established districts.
Senate constituencies were created by grouping all lower-chamber districts in a region, or by dividing a region into two constituencies of contiguous lower-chamber districts.
The Constitution allocated a number of seats to appointed senators, making it harder for one side to change the Constitution by itself.
The unelected senators were eliminated in the constitutional reforms, but the electoral map has remained largely untouched two new regions were created in , one of which altered the composition of two senatorial constituencies; the first election to be affected by this minor change took place in France is one of the few countries to let legislatures redraw the map with no check.
Districts called arrondissements were used in the Third Republic and under the Fifth Republic they are called circonscriptions. During the Third Republic, some reforms of arrondissements, which were also used for administrative purposes, were largely suspected to have been arranged to favour the kingmaker in the Assembly, the Parti radical.
In the modern regime, there were three designs: In , the Sarkozy government created 12 districts for expats.
The Constitutional council was called twice by the opposition to decide about gerrymandering, but it never considered partisan disproportions. Gerrymandering in France is also done against regionalist parties.
After having won four seats in Berlin in the national election, the PDS was able to retain only two seats altogether in the elections.
Under German electoral law, a political party has to win either more than five percent of the votes, or at least three directly elected seats, to qualify for top-up seats under the Additional Member System.
The PDS vote fell below five percent thus they failed to qualify for top-up seats and were confined to just two members of the Bundestag , the German federal parliament elected representatives are always allowed to hold their seats as individuals.
Had they won a third constituency, the PDS would have gained at least 25 additional seats, which would have been enough to hold the balance of power in the Bundestag.
Gerrymandering has been rather common in Greek history since organised parties with national ballots only appeared after the Constitution.
The most infamous case of gerrymandering [ citation needed ] was in the election. In small districts the winning party would take all seats, in intermediate size it would take most and there was proportional representation in the largest districts.
The districts were created in such a way that small districts were those that traditionally voted for the right while large districts were those that voted against the right.
The opposition, being composed of the center and the left, formed a coalition with the sole intent of changing the electoral law and then calling new elections, despite the fact that only seven years earlier the center and the left had fought each other in the Greek Civil War.
Even though the centrist and leftist opposition won the popular vote 1,, votes against 1,, , the right wing ERE won the majority of seats to and was to lead the country for the next two years.
In Hong Kong , functional constituencies are demarcated by the government and defined in statutes,  making them prone to gerrymandering.
The functional constituency for the information technology sector was particular criticised for gerrymandering and voteplanting.
There are also gerrymandering concerns in the constituencies of district councils. Successive arrangements by governments of all political characters have been attacked as gerrymandering.
Ireland uses the single transferable vote and as well as the actual boundaries drawn the main tool of gerrymandering has been the number of seats per constituency used, with three-seat constituencies normally benefiting the strongest parties in an area, whereas four-seat constituencies normally help smaller parties.
The result was described by the journalist and historian Tim Pat Coogan as "a blatant attempt at gerrymander which no Six County Unionist could have bettered.
In the mids, the Minister for Local Government, James Tully , attempted to arrange the constituencies to ensure that the governing Fine Gael — Labour Party National Coalition would win a parliamentary majority.
In areas where the governing parties were weak, four-seat constituencies were used so that the governing parties had a strong chance of still winning two.
The election results created substantial change, as there was a larger than expected collapse in the vote. Consequently, the term " Tullymandering " was used to describe the phenomenon of a failed attempt at gerrymandering.
The government of Kuwait found that 5 electoral districts resulted in a powerful parliament with the majority representing the opposition.
The practice of gerrymandering has been around in the country since its independence in The Labour Party that won in , even though the Nationalist Party got the most votes, did so because of its gerrymandering.
A constitutional amendment prevented that situation from reoccurring. After the restoration of democracy in , Nepali politics has well exercised the practice of gerrymandering with the view to take advantage in the election.
It was often practised by Nepali Congress , which remained in power in most of the time. Learning from this, the reshaping of constituency was done for constituent assembly and the opposition now wins elections.
Congressional districts in the Philippines were originally based on an ordinance from the Constitution , which was created by the Constitutional Commission, which was ultimately based on legislative districts as they were drawn in The same constitution gave Congress of the Philippines the power to legislate new districts, either through a national redistricting bill or piecemeal redistricting per province or city.
Congress has never passed a national redistricting bill since the approval of the constitution, while it has incrementally created 34 new districts, out of the originally created in This allows Congress to create new districts once a place reaches , inhabitants, the minimum required for its creation.
With this, local dynasties, through congressmen, can exert influence in the district-making process by creating bills carving new districts from old ones.
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Orthographically similar words distinct , distract Distrikt. Aus dem Umfeld der Suche ward , space , department , area , domain , zone , quarter , county , clime , sector , region.
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