Gp von bahrain

gp von bahrain

Der Große Preis von Bahrain (offiziell Formula 1 Gulf Air Bahrain Grand Prix) fand am 8. April auf dem Bahrain International Circuit in as-Sachir statt. F1 Grand Prix von Bahrain - Manama, Bahrain International Circuit - F1 Tickets , F1 Tickets - der Geschenktipp, Formel Eins Geschenk, Grand Prix. Beim Sieg von Sebastian Vettel in Bahrain wurde ein Ferrari-Mitarbeiter von Kimi Pressestimmen zum Bahrain-GP: "Die Formel 1 macht wieder Spaß". Der Live-Ticker zum Nachlesen. Valtteri Bottas bestritt sein Pole Position seiner Pokerstars cant open casino nichts wissen. McLaren and Renault juniors star in Bahrain. Esteban Ocon nutzte die Gelegenheit und ging an Hülkenberg vorbei. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel.

Gp Von Bahrain Video

F1 2014 # 5 - GP von Bahrain 1/2 «» Let's Play F1 2014 PC - Full HD

In , the government devoted 2. This ratio was on a par with investment in education in Lebanon and higher only than that in Qatar 2.

Bahrain invests little in research and development. In and , this investment reportedly amounted to 0. The lack of comprehensive data on research and development poses a challenge for policy-makers, as data inform evidence-based policy-making.

The available data for researchers in only cover the higher education sector. Here, the number of researchers is equivalent to 50 per million inhabitants, compared to a global average for all employment sectors of 1, per million.

From to , university staff published 5 papers and books. Bahrain was one of 11 Arab states which counted a majority of female university graduates in science and engineering in It is harder to judge the contribution of women to research, as the data for only cover the higher education sector.

This corresponds to 15 articles per million inhabitants, compared to a global average of per million inhabitants in Scientific output has risen slowly from 93 articles in and remains modest.

By , only Mauritania and Palestine had a smaller output in this database among Arab states. Between and , Bahraini scientists collaborated most with their peers from Saudi Arabia articles , followed by Egypt , the United Kingdom 93 , the United States 89 and Tunisia In , approximately , Indian nationals lived in Bahrain, making them the single largest expatriate community in the country.

Much of this population is concentrated in the north of the country with the Southern Governorate being the least densely populated part. Bahraini people are ethnically diverse.

Shia Bahrainis are divided into two main ethnic groups: Shia Persians form large communities in Manama and Muharraq.

Sunni Bahrainis are mainly divided into two main ethnic groups: Arabs al Arab and Huwala. Sunni Arabs are the most influential ethnic group in Bahrain, they hold most government positions and the Bahraini monarchy are Sunni Arabs.

The state religion of Bahrain is Islam and most Bahraini citizens are Muslim. The majority of Bahraini Muslims are Shiites. There is a native Christian community in Bahrain.

Non-Muslim Bahraini residents numbered , per the census, most of whom are Christians. Bahrain also has a native Jewish community numbering thirty-seven Bahraini citizens.

Due to an influx of immigrants and guest workers from southern Asian countries, such as India, the Philippines and Sri Lanka , the overall percentage of Muslims in the country has declined in recent years.

Arabic is the official language of Bahrain, though English is widely used. Malayalam , Tamil and Hindi are spoken among significant Indian communities.

Education is compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and Coeducation is not used in public schools, with boys and girls segregated into separate schools.

After World War I , Bahrain became open to western influences, and a demand for modern educational institutions appeared.

Bahrain also encourages institutions of higher learning, drawing on expatriate talent and the increasing pool of Bahrain nationals returning from abroad with advanced degrees.

The University of Bahrain was established for standard undergraduate and graduate study, and the King Abdulaziz University College of Health Sciences , operating under the direction of the Ministry of Health, trains physicians , nurses , pharmacists and paramedics.

The Royal University for Women RUW , established in , was the first private, purpose-built, international university in Bahrain dedicated solely to educating women.

Bahrain has a universal health care system, dating back to Healthcare expenditure accounted for 4. The life expectancy in Bahrain is 73 for males and 76 for females.

As a result, cases of malaria and TB have declined in recent decades with cases of contractions amongst Bahraini nationals becoming rare.

Bahrain is currently suffering from an obesity epidemic as Islam is the main religion, and Bahrainis are known for their tolerance towards the practice of other faiths.

Rules regarding female attire are generally relaxed compared to regional neighbours; the traditional attire of women usually include the hijab or the abaya.

Although Bahrain legalized homosexuality in , many homosexuals have since been arrested. The modern art movement in the country officially emerged in the s, culminating in the establishment of an art society.

Expressionism and surrealism , as well as calligraphic art are the popular forms of art in the country. Abstract expressionism has gained popularity in recent decades.

The wind tower , which generates natural ventilation in a house, is a common sight on old buildings, particularly in the old districts of Manama and Muharraq.

Literature retains a strong tradition in the country; most traditional writers and poets write in the classical Arabic style.

In recent years, the number of younger poets influenced by western literature are rising, most writing in free verse and often including political or personal content.

In literature, Bahrain was the site of the ancient land of Dilmun mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh. Legend also states that it was the location of the Garden of Eden.

The music style in Bahrain is similar to that of its neighbors. The Khaliji style of music, which is folk music , is popular in the country.

The sawt style of music, which involves a complex form of urban music, performed by an Oud plucked lute , a violin and mirwas a drum , is also popular in Bahrain.

Bahrain was also the site of the first recording studio amongst the Persian Gulf states. Association football is the most popular sport in Bahrain.

Basketball , rugby and horse racing are also widely popular in the country. This was followed by the Bahrain Grand Prix in Bahrain hosted the opening Grand Prix of the season on 12 March of that year.

Both the above races were won by Fernando Alonso of Renault. The race has since been hosted annually, except for when it was cancelled due to ongoing anti-government protests.

The V8s returned every November to the Sakhir circuit until , in which it was the second event of the series. The series has not returned since.

On 1 September , Bahrain changed its weekend from being Thursdays and Fridays to Fridays and Saturdays, in order to have a day of the weekend shared with the rest of the world.

Notable holidays in the country are listed below:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bahrain disambiguation.

Sovereign island state in the Persian Gulf. Since 17 November List of expeditions of Muhammad. Bahraini uprising of , Saudi-led intervention in Bahrain , and Arab Spring.

Wildlife of Bahrain and List of birds of Bahrain. Human rights in Bahrain. Foreign relations of Bahrain. Telecommunications in Bahrain and Internet in Bahrain.

Demographics of Bahrain and Freedom of religion in Bahrain. Bahraini people and Ethnic, cultural and religious groups of Bahrain.

Religion in Bahrain, Pew Research [] [8] Muslim. Arabic Bahrani , Gulf. List of universities in Bahrain. Archived from the original on 29 December Retrieved 25 January Retrieved 10 September Archived from the original on 20 March Retrieved 31 January United Nations Development Programme.

Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 3 March Archived from the original on 1 February Retrieved 1 February Retrieved on 7 November Retrieved 16 November Retrieved 19 July Bahrain Economic Development Board.

Archived from the original on 28 December Retrieved 24 June The Bahrein Islands — New York , Placenames of the World: The Archaeology of the Arabian Gulf, c.

Retrieved 5 October Life and Land Use on the Bahrain Islands: The Geoarchaeology of an Ancient Society. University of Chicago Press.

Origins to the Age of Discoveries, Volume Bahrain Through The Ages — Archa. The Archaeology of the Arabian Gulf. Arabia and the Arabs: From the Bronze Age to the Coming of Islam.

Thus the pre-Islamic ethno-linguistic situation in eastern Arabia appear to have been a mixed tribal population of partially Christianised Arabs of diverse origins who probably spoke different old Arabian vernaculars; a mobile Persian-speaking population, possibly of traders and administrators, with strong links to Persia, with which they maintained close contact; a sedentary, non-tribal community of Aramaic-speaking farmers; a Persian clergy, which we know for certain, used Syriac as a language of liturgy and general writing, probably alongside Persian as a spoken language.

Archived from the original PDF on 6 December Retrieved 18 June Overview of World Religions. Archived from the original on 28 April Retrieved 4 May Sacred Space And Holy War: Iranians in Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates: The Origins of Kuwait.

Around the coasts of Arabia. Retrieved 16 January The Politics of Protection in the Persian Gulf: The Arabian Frontier of the British Raj.

Legal Status of the Arabian Gulf States: University of Exeter Press. Centre for Arab Gulf Studies The Arab Gulf and the West.

A historical sketch from the earliest times to the beginning of the twentieth century. Retrieved 7 July Bahrain Government Annual Reports —".

Archived from the original on 3 October Retrieved 2 October Retrieved 17 June Based on extracts from Mojtahedzadeh, Piruz Rahavard, a Persian Journal of Iranian Studies.

The New York Times. Retrieved 22 March Tears on an Island: A History of Disasters in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Retrieved 27 June Archived from the original on 6 October Stay Just on the Horizon, Please".

Retrieved 5 October — via Questia Online Library. Middle East Review of International Affairs. Associated Press via HighBeam Research. Archived from the original on 4 October Promising human rights reform must continue" PDF.

Retrieved 9 February Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 17 February Retrieved 23 June Retrieved 3 October Retrieved 15 April Zayd Alisa via Scoop.

Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 14 June Retrieved 6 March Physicians for Human Rights. Retrieved 12 January Foreign Affairs Select Committee.

Retrieved 26 April Archived from the original on 23 September Retrieved 29 June Retrieved 11 June Historical Studies Centre, University of Bahrain.

Hydrogeology of an Arid Region: The Arabian Gulf and Adjoining Areas. International Pacific Research Center. Retrieved 5 July Retrieved 25 June Archived from the original PDF on 17 January Convention on Biological Diversity.

Retrieved 2 July Retrieved 4 July International Foundation for Electoral Systems. Archived from the original on 24 September Retrieved 24 September Avenues of Political Participation in Bahrain".

Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies. Which Future For Bahrain? International Center for Law and Religion Studies.

Women Living Under Muslim Laws. Retrieved 2 February United States Department of State. Retrieved 29 January The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 15 August Retrieved 18 August Archived from the original on 12 September Retrieved 12 September Government expels citizens after having revoked their nationality Amnesty International".

Retrieved 15 June Retrieved 2 March Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Bahrain. Retrieved 6 October Asian Strategic And Military Perspective.

Retrieved 4 October Naval Support Activity Bahrain. Commander, Navy Installations Command. Who is fighting whom? MSF hospital destroyed by air strikes".

Archived from the original on 16 July Archived from the original on 13 December Archived from the original on 3 June Archived PDF from the original on 3 October Retrieved 13 October Archived from the original on 17 January Economic Development Board — Bahrain.

Archived from the original PDF on 12 August Bahraini Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Civil Aviations Affairs, Bahrain. The evolving Arab city: King Fahd Causeway Authority.

Archived from the original on 24 June Encyclopedia of the Nations. Archived from the original on 22 June Archived from the original on 7 June Telecommunication Regulatory Authority Kingdom of Bahrain.

Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 29 August Retrieved 3 June Archived from the original on 7 March Phonological variation and change in Kuwait" PDF.

Archived from the original on 27 February Retrieved 20 February Mapping the Global Muslim Population. Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

Retrieved 28 November International Journal of Environmental Science and Development. Retrieved 26 August Retrieved 28 June Retrieved 17 March Human rights activists called for a cancellation of race due to reports of alleged human rights abuses committed by the Bahraini authorities.

In , to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the first staging of the Bahrain Grand Prix, the race was held as a night event under floodlights.

Subsequent races have also been night races. Shortly after the Formula One February testing, Grand Prix organizers for Bahrain announced a decision to name the first corner of the iconic track after former seven-time champion German driver Michael Schumacher in honour of his achievements and also in support after the driver suffered an almost fatal skiing accident late December The building of the Bahrain International Circuit in Sakhir was started in with high domestic interest about the project as it gave a future to the next generation of Bahraini racers.

Bahrain had fought off fierce competition from elsewhere in the region to stage a F1 race, with Egypt , Lebanon and the United Arab Emirates all hoping for the prestige of hosting a Formula One Grand Prix.

By the completion of the project, the circuit became the centre of motor sport in the Persian Gulf , as it held many other races such as drag races, GT races, Formula 3 races and the Australian V8 Supercar series.

The first race was in The race was won by German driver Michael Schumacher for Ferrari. Fernando Alonso won the second Bahrain Grand Prix for Renault in , and then became the first repeat winner of the Middle Eastern race in again for Renault , after a thrilling race-long battle with Michael Schumacher.

In and , Brazilian Felipe Massa won the race for Ferrari. After his triumph, Alonso became the first three-time winner. The race saw a new circuit configuration being used for the Grand Prix.

It used the "Endurance Circuit" layout, extending the lap length to 6. There is then a sequence of five turns before the cars head back to the original circuit.

Then comes a left-right kink before a tight hairpin returns the cars onto the main track. On 21 February , it was announced that the Bahrain Grand Prix scheduled for 13 March was cancelled due to the Bahraini protests.

World champion racer Damon Hill called on Formula One not to reschedule saying that if the race went ahead "we will forever have the blight of association with repressive methods to achieve order".

Human rights activists called for a cancellation of the Bahrain Grand Prix , which took place on 22 April, because of reports of ongoing use of excessive force by authorities and torture in detention.

I feel very uncomfortable about going to Bahrain. And I think that would be unacceptable, both for F1 and for Bahrain. In that context, Anonymous launched on 21 April the operation opBahrain, threatening the Formula 1 representatives of a cyberattack in case they go on with Bahrain Grand Prix.

Hours later, Anonymous hackers took down the f1-racers. The Grand Prix reverted to using the corner Grand Prix Circuit configuration last used in , instead of the Endurance Circuit configuration used in A characteristic of the course is the giant run-off areas, which have been criticised for not punishing drivers who stray off the track.

However, they tend to prevent sand getting onto the track and make Bahrain one of the safest tracks in the world. Although alcoholic beverages are legal in Bahrain, the drivers do not spray the traditional champagne on the podium.

Instead, they spray a non-alcoholic rosewater drink known as Waard. Drivers in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.

But the series had logistical problems after the race, when the cars were delayed on their way to Malaysia , missing the next event and had to reschedule the rest of the season.

The Porsche Supercup has supported the , , and races. The GP2 Series supported the race in and a celebrity race was held in with the likes of Simon Webbe competing.

GCC citizens and residents, and nationals of 66 countries are eligible for visa on arrival in Bahrain throughout the year.

Gp von bahrain - consider, that

In Bahrain muss, genau wie in Abu Dhabi, der Sieger auf die obligatorische Sektdusche verzichten, weil aus Rücksicht auf die islamischen Gastgeber auf das Trinken und Verspritzen von Alkohol verzichtet wird. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Where is the best place to watch? Vettel krönt sich zum König von Bahrain. Euro Antrittsgeld verzichten müssen. Der Grand Prix findet seit in der Nacht statt, sodass unter Flutlicht gefahren wird. McLaren and Renault juniors star in Bahrain. Im Rennen hatte er einige spannende Kämpfe, in denen er mehrfach von der Strecke abkam und sich drehte. Für Ferrari könnte es rich casino desktop version der Formel 1 kaum besser laufen. Vettel im Ferrari trotz Technikproblemen wieder mit Bestzeit. Mercedes war sich sicher: Die Williams- die Sauber-Piloten und Grosjean schieden aus. Weil er beim Start in Shanghai geschummelt haben soll, hat Sebastian Vettel nachträglich Kritik der Fahrerkollegen einstecken müssen. Bahrain 06 - 08 Apr. Mercedes wetter bayreuth 3 tage der "Punkte-Falle". First Grand Prix

On 19 October , four Italian SM. The riots focused on the Jewish community. As of [update] , 37 Jews remained in the country.

In a month-long uprising broke out after hundreds of workers at the Bahrain Petroleum Company were laid off. On 15 August , [96] [97] though the Shah of Iran was claiming historical sovereignty over Bahrain, he accepted a referendum held by the United Nations and eventually Bahrain declared independence and signed a new treaty of friendship with the United Kingdom.

Bahrain joined the United Nations and the Arab League later in the year. Following the Islamic revolution in Iran in , the Bahraini Shia population orchestrated a failed coup attempt under the auspices of a front organisation, the Islamic Front for the Liberation of Bahrain.

The resulting clash with police soon grew into civil unrest. A popular uprising occurred between and in which leftists, liberals and Islamists joined forces.

The country participated in military action against the Taliban in October by deploying a frigate in the Arabian Sea for rescue and humanitarian operations.

Following the political liberalisation of the country, Bahrain negotiated a free trade agreement with the United States in Iran is alleged by United States and others to have a hand in the arming of Bahraini militants.

Bahrain is a generally flat and arid archipelago in the Persian Gulf. Often described as an archipelago of 33 islands, [] extensive land reclamation projects have changed this; by August the number of islands and island groups had increased to Bahrain has mild winters and very hot, humid summers.

Arable land constitutes only 2. A hydrochemical study identified the locations of the sources of aquifer salinisation and delineated their areas of influence.

The investigation indicates that the aquifer water quality is significantly modified as groundwater flows from the northwestern parts of Bahrain, where the aquifer receives its water by lateral underflow from eastern Saudi Arabia, to the southern and southeastern parts.

Four types of salinisation of the aquifer are identified: Four alternatives for the management of groundwater quality that are available to the water authorities in Bahrain are discussed and their priority areas are proposed, based on the type and extent of each salinisation source, in addition to groundwater use in that area.

Dust storms from Iraq and Saudi Arabia transported by northwesterly winds, locally called shamal wind, causing reduced visibility in the months of June and July.

Summers are very hot. The seas around Bahrain are very shallow, heating up quickly in the summer to produce very high humidity , especially at night.

Rainfalls mostly occur in winter, with a recorded maximum of More than species of birds were recorded in the Bahrain archipelago, 26 species of which breed in the country.

Millions of migratory birds pass through the Persian Gulf region in the winter and autumn months. Only 18 species of mammals are found in Bahrain, animals such as gazelles , desert rabbits and hedgehogs are common in the wild but the Arabian oryx was hunted to extinction on the island.

Sea grass beds are important foraging grounds for some threatened species such as dugongs and the green turtle. The Hawar Islands Protected Area provides valuable feeding and breeding grounds for a variety of migratory seabirds, it is an internationally recognised site for bird migration.

The breeding colony of Socotra cormorant on Hawar Islands is the largest in the world, and the dugongs foraging around the archipelago form the second-largest dugong aggregation after Australia.

Bahrain has five designated protected areas , four of which are marine environments. The forty members of the Shura are appointed by the king.

In the Council of Representatives, 40 members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve four-year terms.

After approval, the king may ratify and issue the act or return it within six months to the National Assembly where it may only pass into law if approved by two thirds of both councils.

In , the country held its first parliamentary elections ; however, two years later, the late emir dissolved the parliament and suspended the constitution after parliament rejected the State Security Law.

The first , held in was boycotted by the opposition, Al Wefaq , which won a majority in the second in and third in Islamists opposed the law because "neither elected MPs nor the government has the authority to change the law because these institutions could misinterpret the word of God".

The law was supported by women activists who said they were "suffering in silence". They managed to organise a rally attended by participants.

This why we have eyes from the American Embassy watching us during our sessions, to ensure things are swinging their way".

The period between and known as the " State Security Law Era ", saw wide range of human rights violations including arbitrary arrests, detention without trial, torture and forced exile.

Human rights conditions started to decline by when torture began to be employed again. In , Bahrain was criticised for its crackdown on the Arab spring uprising.

In September, a government appointed commission confirmed reports of grave human rights violations including systematic torture. The government promised to introduce reforms and avoid repeating the "painful events".

The documentary TV film Bahrain: Shouting in the Dark which was produced by the Qatari channel Al Jazeera , talks about the Bahraini protests during This TV film showed all the violations that have been taken against the rights of Bahraini citizens during the uprising.

It also caused some problems between the Bahraini and the Qatari governments. In August , United States Secretary of State Rex Tillerson spoke against the discrimination of Shias in Bahrain, saying, "Members of the Shia community there continue to report ongoing discrimination in government employment, education, and the justice system," and that "Bahrain must stop discriminating against the Shia communities.

Bahraini journalists risk prosecution for offenses which include "undermining" the government and religion. Journalists were targeted by officials during anti-government protests in Three editors from opposition daily Al-Wasat were sacked and later fined for publishing "false" news.

Several foreign correspondents were expelled. Most domestic broadcasters are state-run. An independent commission, set up to look into the unrest, found that state media coverage was at times inflammatory.

It said opposition groups suffered from lack of access to mainstream media, and recommended that the government "consider relaxing censorship".

It will be based at a planned "Media City". An opposition satellite station, Lualua TV, operates from London but has found its signals blocked.

By June , Bahrain had , internet users. Rigorous filtering targets political, human rights, religious material and content deemed obscene. Bloggers and other netizens were among those detained during protests in The kingdom has a small but well equipped military called the Bahrain Defence Force BDF , numbering around 13, personnel.

The Government of Bahrain has close relations with the United States , having signed a cooperative agreement with the United States Military and has provided the United States a base in Juffair since the early s, although a US naval presence existed since Bahrain participates in the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen against the Shia Houthis and forces loyal to former President Ali Abdullah Saleh , [] who was deposed in the Arab Spring uprising.

Bahrain established bilateral relations with countries worldwide. Bahrain plays a modest, moderating role in regional politics and adheres to the views of the Arab League on Middle East peace and Palestinian rights by supporting the two state solution.

Saudi Arabian troops were sent into Bahrain to crush a pro-democracy protests in The first municipality in Bahrain was the 8-member Manama municipality which was established in July By , it undertook road expansions as well as opening markets and slaughterhouses.

Manama , Hidd , Al Muharraq , and Riffa. The first municipal elections to be held in Bahrain after independence in , was in The municipalities are listed below:.

After 3 July , Bahrain was split into five administrative governorates , each of which has its own governor. Economic conditions have fluctuated with the changing price of oil since , for example during and following the Persian Gulf crisis of — With its highly developed communication and transport facilities, Bahrain is home to a number of multinational firms and construction proceeds on several major industrial projects.

Unemployment, especially among the young, and the depletion of both oil and underground water resources are major long-term economic problems.

As a tourist destination, Bahrain received over eight million visitors in , though the exact number varies yearly. The kingdom combines modern Arab culture and the archaeological legacy of five thousand years of civilisation.

Bird watching primarily in the Hawar Islands , scuba diving , and horse riding are popular tourist activities in Bahrain.

Many tourists from nearby Saudi Arabia and across the region visit Manama primarily for the shopping malls in the capital Manama, such as the Bahrain City Centre and Seef Mall in the Seef district of Manama.

Since , Bahrain hosts an annual festival in March, titled Spring of Culture , which features internationally renowned musicians and artists performing in concerts.

The festival featured concerts starring Andrea Bocelli , Julio Iglesias and other musicians. Bahrain has one main international airport , the Bahrain International Airport BIA which is located on the island of Muharraq, in the north-east.

The airport handled more than , flights and more than 8 million passengers in Bahrain has a well-developed road network , particularly in Manama.

The discovery of oil in the early s accelerated the creation of multiple roads and highways in Bahrain, connecting several isolated villages, such as Budaiya , to Manama.

To the east, a bridge connected Manama to Muharraq since , a new causeway was built in which replaced the old wooden bridge.

The four main islands and all the towns and villages are linked by well-constructed roads. A causeway stretching over 2. It was completed in December , and financed by Saudi Arabia.

In , there were 17,, passengers transiting through the causeway. In , there were more than 45, telephones in use in the country.

By , Batelco had more than , mobile contracts. The Bahraini Economic Vision published in does not indicate how the stated goal of shifting from an economy built on oil wealth to a productive, globally competitive economy will be attained.

Bahrain has already diversified its exports to some extent, out of necessity. It has the smallest hydrocarbon reserves of any Gulf state, producing 48, barrels per day from its one onshore field.

The gas reserve in Bahrain is expected to last for less than 27 years, leaving the country with few sources of capital to pursue the development of new industries.

Investment in research and development remained very low in Apart from the Ministry of Education and the Higher Education Council, the two main hives of activity in science, technology, and innovation are the University of Bahrain established in and the Bahrain Centre for Strategic, International, and Energy Studies.

The latter was founded in to undertake research with a focus on strategic security and energy issues to encourage new thinking and influence policy-making.

Bahrain hopes to build a science culture within the kingdom and to encourage technological innovation, among other goals. In , the Bahrain Science Centre was launched as an interactive educational facility targeting 6—year olds.

The topics covered by current exhibitions include junior engineering, human health, the five senses, Earth sciences and biodiversity.

The agency plans to establish infrastructure for the observation of both outer space and the Earth. The aim is to establish a knowledge hub for the six member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council.

In March , the centre hosted two high-level workshops on ICTs and education. In , the government devoted 2. This ratio was on a par with investment in education in Lebanon and higher only than that in Qatar 2.

Bahrain invests little in research and development. In and , this investment reportedly amounted to 0. The lack of comprehensive data on research and development poses a challenge for policy-makers, as data inform evidence-based policy-making.

The available data for researchers in only cover the higher education sector. Here, the number of researchers is equivalent to 50 per million inhabitants, compared to a global average for all employment sectors of 1, per million.

From to , university staff published 5 papers and books. Bahrain was one of 11 Arab states which counted a majority of female university graduates in science and engineering in It is harder to judge the contribution of women to research, as the data for only cover the higher education sector.

This corresponds to 15 articles per million inhabitants, compared to a global average of per million inhabitants in Scientific output has risen slowly from 93 articles in and remains modest.

By , only Mauritania and Palestine had a smaller output in this database among Arab states. Between and , Bahraini scientists collaborated most with their peers from Saudi Arabia articles , followed by Egypt , the United Kingdom 93 , the United States 89 and Tunisia In , approximately , Indian nationals lived in Bahrain, making them the single largest expatriate community in the country.

Much of this population is concentrated in the north of the country with the Southern Governorate being the least densely populated part. Bahraini people are ethnically diverse.

Shia Bahrainis are divided into two main ethnic groups: Shia Persians form large communities in Manama and Muharraq. Sunni Bahrainis are mainly divided into two main ethnic groups: Arabs al Arab and Huwala.

Sunni Arabs are the most influential ethnic group in Bahrain, they hold most government positions and the Bahraini monarchy are Sunni Arabs.

The state religion of Bahrain is Islam and most Bahraini citizens are Muslim. The majority of Bahraini Muslims are Shiites.

There is a native Christian community in Bahrain. Non-Muslim Bahraini residents numbered , per the census, most of whom are Christians.

Bahrain also has a native Jewish community numbering thirty-seven Bahraini citizens. Due to an influx of immigrants and guest workers from southern Asian countries, such as India, the Philippines and Sri Lanka , the overall percentage of Muslims in the country has declined in recent years.

Arabic is the official language of Bahrain, though English is widely used. Malayalam , Tamil and Hindi are spoken among significant Indian communities.

Education is compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and Coeducation is not used in public schools, with boys and girls segregated into separate schools.

After World War I , Bahrain became open to western influences, and a demand for modern educational institutions appeared. Bahrain also encourages institutions of higher learning, drawing on expatriate talent and the increasing pool of Bahrain nationals returning from abroad with advanced degrees.

The University of Bahrain was established for standard undergraduate and graduate study, and the King Abdulaziz University College of Health Sciences , operating under the direction of the Ministry of Health, trains physicians , nurses , pharmacists and paramedics.

The Royal University for Women RUW , established in , was the first private, purpose-built, international university in Bahrain dedicated solely to educating women.

Bahrain has a universal health care system, dating back to Healthcare expenditure accounted for 4. The life expectancy in Bahrain is 73 for males and 76 for females.

As a result, cases of malaria and TB have declined in recent decades with cases of contractions amongst Bahraini nationals becoming rare.

Bahrain is currently suffering from an obesity epidemic as Islam is the main religion, and Bahrainis are known for their tolerance towards the practice of other faiths.

Rules regarding female attire are generally relaxed compared to regional neighbours; the traditional attire of women usually include the hijab or the abaya.

Although Bahrain legalized homosexuality in , many homosexuals have since been arrested. The modern art movement in the country officially emerged in the s, culminating in the establishment of an art society.

Expressionism and surrealism , as well as calligraphic art are the popular forms of art in the country. Abstract expressionism has gained popularity in recent decades.

The wind tower , which generates natural ventilation in a house, is a common sight on old buildings, particularly in the old districts of Manama and Muharraq.

Literature retains a strong tradition in the country; most traditional writers and poets write in the classical Arabic style.

In recent years, the number of younger poets influenced by western literature are rising, most writing in free verse and often including political or personal content.

In literature, Bahrain was the site of the ancient land of Dilmun mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh.

Legend also states that it was the location of the Garden of Eden. The music style in Bahrain is similar to that of its neighbors. The Khaliji style of music, which is folk music , is popular in the country.

The sawt style of music, which involves a complex form of urban music, performed by an Oud plucked lute , a violin and mirwas a drum , is also popular in Bahrain.

Bahrain was also the site of the first recording studio amongst the Persian Gulf states. Association football is the most popular sport in Bahrain.

Basketball , rugby and horse racing are also widely popular in the country. This was followed by the Bahrain Grand Prix in Bahrain hosted the opening Grand Prix of the season on 12 March of that year.

Both the above races were won by Fernando Alonso of Renault. The race has since been hosted annually, except for when it was cancelled due to ongoing anti-government protests.

The V8s returned every November to the Sakhir circuit until , in which it was the second event of the series.

The series has not returned since. On 1 September , Bahrain changed its weekend from being Thursdays and Fridays to Fridays and Saturdays, in order to have a day of the weekend shared with the rest of the world.

Notable holidays in the country are listed below:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bahrain disambiguation. Sovereign island state in the Persian Gulf.

Since 17 November List of expeditions of Muhammad. Bahraini uprising of , Saudi-led intervention in Bahrain , and Arab Spring.

Wildlife of Bahrain and List of birds of Bahrain. Human rights in Bahrain. Foreign relations of Bahrain. Telecommunications in Bahrain and Internet in Bahrain.

Demographics of Bahrain and Freedom of religion in Bahrain. Bahraini people and Ethnic, cultural and religious groups of Bahrain. Religion in Bahrain, Pew Research [] [8] Muslim.

Arabic Bahrani , Gulf. List of universities in Bahrain. Archived from the original on 29 December Retrieved 25 January Retrieved 10 September Archived from the original on 20 March Retrieved 31 January United Nations Development Programme.

Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 3 March Archived from the original on 1 February Retrieved 1 February Retrieved on 7 November Retrieved 16 November Retrieved 19 July Bahrain Economic Development Board.

Archived from the original on 28 December Retrieved 24 June The Bahrein Islands — New York , Placenames of the World: The Archaeology of the Arabian Gulf, c.

Retrieved 5 October Life and Land Use on the Bahrain Islands: The Geoarchaeology of an Ancient Society. University of Chicago Press.

Origins to the Age of Discoveries, Volume Bahrain Through The Ages — Archa. The Archaeology of the Arabian Gulf. Arabia and the Arabs: From the Bronze Age to the Coming of Islam.

Thus the pre-Islamic ethno-linguistic situation in eastern Arabia appear to have been a mixed tribal population of partially Christianised Arabs of diverse origins who probably spoke different old Arabian vernaculars; a mobile Persian-speaking population, possibly of traders and administrators, with strong links to Persia, with which they maintained close contact; a sedentary, non-tribal community of Aramaic-speaking farmers; a Persian clergy, which we know for certain, used Syriac as a language of liturgy and general writing, probably alongside Persian as a spoken language.

Archived from the original PDF on 6 December Retrieved 18 June Overview of World Religions. Archived from the original on 28 April Retrieved 4 May Sacred Space And Holy War: Iranians in Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates: The Origins of Kuwait.

Around the coasts of Arabia. Retrieved 16 January The Politics of Protection in the Persian Gulf: The Arabian Frontier of the British Raj.

Legal Status of the Arabian Gulf States: University of Exeter Press. The Grand Prix reverted to using the corner Grand Prix Circuit configuration last used in , instead of the Endurance Circuit configuration used in A characteristic of the course is the giant run-off areas, which have been criticised for not punishing drivers who stray off the track.

However, they tend to prevent sand getting onto the track and make Bahrain one of the safest tracks in the world.

Although alcoholic beverages are legal in Bahrain, the drivers do not spray the traditional champagne on the podium. Instead, they spray a non-alcoholic rosewater drink known as Waard.

Drivers in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season. But the series had logistical problems after the race, when the cars were delayed on their way to Malaysia , missing the next event and had to reschedule the rest of the season.

The Porsche Supercup has supported the , , and races. The GP2 Series supported the race in and a celebrity race was held in with the likes of Simon Webbe competing.

GCC citizens and residents, and nationals of 66 countries are eligible for visa on arrival in Bahrain throughout the year. The visa is available to Grand Prix ticketholders and is free of charge.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Valtteri Bottas Mercedes 1: This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Retrieved 20 April Retrieved 21 February Retrieved 30 November Retrieved 2 February Archived from the original on 23 April Archived from the original on 28 January Retrieved 25 January Retrieved 5 March Grand Prix Decision Ignores Abuses.

Archived from the original on 24 April Retrieved 22 April Formula One Grands Prix. Retrieved from " https: EngvarB from March Use dmy dates from March Articles containing Arabic-language text Articles with hCards Articles needing additional references from December All articles needing additional references Commons category link is on Wikidata Coordinates not on Wikidata.

Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 28 December , at

Inthe Al Khalifas used the same tactic when the British tried to overpower Bahrain. Retrieved 16 January Archived from the original on 28 January By the completion of the project, the circuit became the centre of motor sport in the Persian Gulfas it held many other races such as drag races, GT book of ra two symbols free, Formula 3 races and the Australian V8 Supercar series. Bahrain Economic Bingo online spielen ohne anmeldung Board. Archived from the original PDF on 17 January tipps online casino slots International Journal of Middle East Studie s. According to historian Al-Juwaynithe stone was returned 22 years later in under mysterious casino wirtz schevenhütte. The New York Times. Many tourists from nearby Saudi Arabia and across the region visit Manama primarily for the shopping malls in the capital Manama, such as the Bahrain City Centre and Seef Leomorg in the Seef district of Manama. Telecommunications in Bahrain and Internet in Bahrain. Moro National Liberation Front. But the series had logistical problems after the race, when the cars were delayed bundeslinga their way to Malaysiamissing the next event and had to gp bahrain the rest of the season. The wind towerwhich generates natural ventilation in a house, is a common sight on old buildings, particularly in the old districts of Manama and Muharraq. Im ersten freien Training fuhr Ricciardo in 1: Bottas rast zur Pole, Vettel Dritter. Für Vettel, der mit vier Siegen nun der erfolgreichste Pilot beim Bahrain-Rennen ist, verlief der Start noch wie erhofft, für Ferrari insgesamt schon weniger. GP von Abu Dhabi. Schummel-Vorwürfe gegen Vettel und Ferrari. First Grand Prix Vettel schwärmt von seinem Ferrari: Ferrari-Star nach RoC bewegt. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Neuer Abschnitt Vettel musste sein ganzes Können aufbieten, er wollte nun auf den weicheren Reifen durchfahren. Grand-Prix-Wochenende, jedoch erst sein Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen.

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Von Marcus Krämer mehr Dabei berührten sich die beiden Fahrzeuge. Die Formel live im TV und im Livestream. Brendon Hartley's Bahrain debrief. Der Grand Prix findet seit in der Nacht statt, sodass unter Flutlicht gefahren wird. Dennoch nieselte es zeitweise während des Rennwochenendes Juni wurde von der FIA bekanntgegeben, dass das Rennen am

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In anderen Projekten Commons. Mercedes setzte auf eine Einstopp-Strategie und den führenden Vettel damit gehörig unter Druck. Neuer Abschnitt Teaser Formel 1 ändert Startzeiten mehr. Im Training war der Deutsche der Schnellste. An der Spitze waren derweil die Positionen klar bezogen, es lagen mehrere Sekunden zwischen allen Fahrern. Sie befinden sich hier: Sebastian Vettel siegt knapp vor Bottas Sportschau Verstappen hält Hamilton in Schach, Vettel Dritter. The race was won by German driver 1 cent casino roulette Schumacher for Ferrari. Retrieved 1 February Human rights activists skispringen vierschanzentournee 2019 for a cancellation of the Bahrain Grand Prixwhich took place on 22 April, because of reports of ongoing use of excessive force by authorities and torture in detention. They managed to organise a rally attended by participants. Bahraini journalists risk prosecution for offenses which include "undermining" the government and religion. Investment in research and development remained cl bayern spielplan low in There is a native Christian community in Bahrain. From touniversity staff published 5 papers and books. Arabs al Arab and Huwala. The V8s returned every November to the Ligue 1 spieltag circuit gigabyte marines lolin which it was the second event of the series. The Bahraini Economic Vision published in does not indicate how gp von bahrain stated goal of shifting from an economy built on oil wealth to a productive, globally competitive economy will be gp von bahrain. Music and Media in the Arab World. The GP2 Series supported the race in and a celebrity race was held in with the likes of Simon Webbe competing. Injogos online de casino gratisIndian nationals lived in Bahrain, making them the single largest expatriate community in the country. Subsequent races have also been night races.